Additionally, American principles, in a pitting context against other

Additionally, the
Olympics was plainly seen as the shadow of the troubling East-Western relations
to such level that even when the Soviet Union boycotted the 1984 Los Angeles
Summer Olympics it only sparked even more journalistic headlines, such as the
release of Time magazine “Olympic
turmoil, Why the Soviets said Nyet”. Hence enabling Soviet nationalist
propaganda gain international attention and being featured in foreign
newspapers, portrayed as a negative system due to America’s overarching
dominance in media. This dominance was evidently played in the West’s favor and
used this opportunity to frame U.S. athletes as well as American principles, in
a pitting context against other nations, but specially antagonizing the Soviet
Union.

The Cold War being such
an era that was characterized by the highlighted dichotomy of “Us verses them”,
which conglomerates America’s general approach to the Olympics through
literature. Thus, encompassing the synergy between the glorification of
American athleticism with little regard to smaller countries’ sporting
capabilities. In retrospect, if we look back to how countries react to their athlete’s
performance it is certain that in regards to the portrayal of the athletes they
were identified as national heroes for a limited period of time as what really
matters in the end is the medal count.

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Only a week before the
closing ceremony of the 1964 Japan Summer Olympics, Nikita Khrushchev was
ousted from his position as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the
Soviet Union. As a consequence to his poorly executed reforms and little regard
to other political parties and governmental institutions. Succeeded by Leonid
Brezhnev among other officials the Soviet Union was on its way to revolutionize
their regime and rejuvenate collective leadership, clearly this adjustment worked
in favor of the United States and Western ideologies as it defied with
Khrushchev’s autocracy and opened new trading deals with international markets.

Followed by the shift of leaders the eight-year Soviet economic reform starting
in 1965 targeted three measures; the reunification of Soviet economy by means
of implementing new central ministries, recalculating the price of goods and
services, and lastly a decentralizing renovation of the enterprise incentive system.

Through the medium of using and spreading capitalist socio-economic schematics,
hence ameliorating foreign relations. Nevertheless, the blurred fashion by
which the Soviet government administration worked resulted with a rather large
range of disparities between the benefited and the hindered, thus triggering
their ongoing oligarchy.

Moreover, the success
of these measures foreshadowed the success of the Soviet Union in sporting
performance. The gradual reform was on its way to escalate the nation’s Gross
Domestic Product per capita and increment its wealth distribution equality,
also referred as GINI coefficient. In order to boost the country’s availability
to facilities of which athletes can make use of, hence maintain and sponsor government
subsidized sport institutions as Dynamo Sport Clubs per say. On a further note,
it has been considered that the era for Soviet economic reformation supposed a valuable
opportunity to commence an era of fruitful relations with the United States.

With the prior disentanglement of oligarch-type administration of the Soviet
Union, it created a long-term development that enabled forthcoming leaders like
Mikhail Gorbachev implement his dual program such as “perestroika” and
“glasnost”, referring to restructuring with openness, regarding international
relations and internal affairs.

Resulting in the dismissal
of several communist governments from power across Eastern Europe and bringing
an eventual closure to the Cold War in 1991. Gorbachev’s internal
reorganization aligned with U.S. President Ronald Reagan’s interests of which
included the demilitarization of nuclear weapons, that led to eventual successful
negotiations between the East and West. Nevertheless, the inherent communist
traces were inevitable in Gorbachev’s policy-making course, yet found a common
ground with Reagan regarding the buildup of U.S. forces. Along the
participation from both sides for five summits resulting with the agreement of
the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, involving a large-scale decline
of domestic weapon stockpiles. Nevertheless, Gorbachev’s shift towards a
capitalist regime took a toll on the nation’s economy that culminated a
tremendous financial collapse, and dissolving fifteen individual republics. Followed
by his resignation in 1991. 

Subsequently to Japan’s
nuclear destruction it was crucial to show the world its renewed economic potential
and socio-economic rebirth. Demonstrated by their outstanding sporting
performance totaling with 16 gold medals, and ranking third in the overall
medal count, following the Soviet Union with 30 gold medals and the United
States with 36. Moreover, both in men and women categories, American athletes
dominated Athletics of which composed a staggering 40% of the total U.S. medal
count. More specifically 100-meter gold medalist and Dallas Cowboys wide
receiver Bob Hayes was greatly cherished, not only setting a world record but
also setting an emblematic figure for the African American community in the
United States, during a fundamental era for the development African-American
civil rights. On the other hand, the Soviet Union also counted with a strong
team specifically High jump winner Velriy Brumel and Hammer throw winner
Romuald Klim, amongst the Press sisters. So at this point we can see the West
versus the East in its purest form, demonstrating the ongoing rivalry between
both nations without setting a clear champion as athletes from both sides had
an extremely high performance rate. Although, the issue in which the United
State stood out was in the availability and the number of Olympic athletes it
counted with. Unlike the United States, the Soviet Union did not subsidize as
many sports institutions throughout the country as the U.S did. that led to the
limited number of athletes, hence being a possible factor for its sporting inferiority
with respect of that of the United States’.