George Orwell, in his book 1984, describes a dystopian society called Oceania where a totalitarian government uses technology and manipulation in order to suppress and control its people. Fear is a common method of manipulation and it is used by the government to control its citizens. This creates a society built on a culture of fear, which is displayed throughout the book. Similarly, the 9/11-terror attacks have consequently lead to people becoming much more apprehensive and this too has generated a culture of fear within America. In 1984, the people of Oceania live in a state of uncertainty because they do not know when and where warring states will attack next. Likewise, the effects of 9/11 created uncertainty within society. “Pharmacists report an increased demand for anti-anxiety drugs…and some HMOs have seen a 25-percent increase in calls.” (Brad Schmidt 2002). This quote shows the effect that the attacks have has on people who witnessed them. The lack of knowledge whether there will be more attacks and the idea that acts of terrorism could happen anywhere since it lacks boundaries produces a feeling paranoia and perpetual unease for American citizens. The constant warfare depicted in 1984 makes attacks on Oceania a normal occurrence. “Somewhere far away a rocket bomb exploded with a dull, reverberating roar. About twenty or thirty of them a week were falling on London at present.”(Orwell 1949). This shows that the citizens of Oceania were subjected to continuous war that created a constant worry of more attacks. America’s and Oceania’s culture of fear is also similar in the way that both societies present a lack of trust. The totalitarian government of Oceania uses secret spies to find citizens guilty of committing crimes or doing actions that do not favor the government. “The children, on the other hand, were systematically turned against their parents and taught to spy on them and report their deviations.” (Orwell 1949). This quote shows how people were turned against and taught to spy on each other, subsequently leading to a lack of trust as well as a feeling of nervousness and fear since it was presumed that everything they did was being watched. A lack of trust is also present in American citizens. “a lack of trust in government has grown as a result of tightened security regulation in airports and invasions of privacy brought on by the Patriot Act” This quote demonstrates that Americans lacked trust in the government because of their invasive methods of surveillance such as tapping of phone and the fear of their rights being violated.America’s culture of fear after the 9/11 attacks and the culture of fear depicted in George Orwell’s 1984 are both similar in the effects that it has on its citizens. Both societies are presented with the constant worry about future attacks an uncertainty of when and where they may occur. There is also a lack of trust within both societies, which is driven by this culture of fear.