In European funding. A European funding for 3 hydrogen

In the second phase, clusters are linked together and in the
third phase, FCV full scale commercialization is pursued.

A considerable
amount of funding for the development of HRSs in France is from European
funding. A European funding for 3 hydrogen refueling stations in Rodez,
Sarreguemines and Paris under the 35 MEUR H2 Mobility Europe project, with the
balance met by private sector companies within the Mobilité Hydrogène France
coalition is secured. Another European funding of 4M EUR is from the Connecting
Europe Facility for the deployment of 15 stations in the Normandy region 40.

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In France,
financial incentives can take the form of a tax credit equivalent to 30% of a
home charger or subsidies for the installation of residential or workplace
chargers 19.

French
environmental and energy agency (ADEME) covers 50% of costs for normal and fast
charging points for BEVs and 30% of costs for rapid charge points if the
chargers are publicly available.

The “Ville de
demain” project run by the French environmental and energy agency ADEME covers
50% of costs for normal and fast charging points for BEVs and 30% of costs for
rapid charge points, provided these are publicly available 41.

As of November
2016, there were 14 HRSs in France 42. Table 15 shows the number of charging points in France from
2012 to 2016.

Table
15. Number of charging points
in France (2012-2016) 19

Year

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Publicly accessible slow chargers

800

1700

1700

10122

14612

Publicly accessible fast chargers

9

102

127

543

1231

Total

809

1802

1827

10665

15843

 

As of November
2016, there were 130 FCVs in France 42. Table
16
shows BEV and PHEV stock in France from 2012 to 2016.

Table 16. BEV and PHEV stock in France (2012-2016) 19

year

Number of BEVs and PHEVs (thousands)
 

2012

 9.29 (93% BEV, 7%
PHEV)

2013

18.91 (92% BEV, 8%
PHEV)

2014

31.54 (89% BEV, 11%
PHEV)

2015

54.49(83% BEV, 17%
PHEV)

2016

84 (80% BEV, 20%
PHEV)

 

Table
17 shows France’s target for FCV and HRSs through
2030 42.

Table
17. France’s target for FCV
and HRSs through 2030 51

Year

2018-2019

2030

FCVs

1000

800,000

HRSs

100

600

 

France’s target for number of electric vehicles is
between 1 and 2 million by 2020 22. France has also announced that it is ending sale
of petrol and diesel vehicles by 2040.

1.1    
UK

The UK government provides incentives for the purchase of six
category of vehicles 44.

Category
one cars are cars that have CO2 emissions of less than 50g/km and
can travel at least 112km without any CO2 emissions. The grant
considered for these type of vehicles covers 35% of purchase cost up to a
maximum of GBP1 4,500.
Category one car models include BEVs of: BMW i3, BYD e6, Citroen CZero, Ford
Focus Electric, Hyundai IONIQ Electric, Kia Soul EV, Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive, Nissan e-NV200 (5-seater and
7-seater), Nissan LEAF, Peugeot iON, Renault Fluence, Renault ZOE, Smart fortwo
electric drive, Smart forfour electric drive, Tesla Model S, Tesla Model X, Volkswagen
e-up!, Volkswagen e-Golf and FCV model of Toyota Mirai.

 

 

Category two vehicles have CO2 emissions of less
than 50g/km and can travel at least 16km without any CO2 emissions. The grant
considered for these type of vehicles covers 35% of purchase cost up to a
maximum of GBP 2,500.

Category two
car models include PHEVs of: BMW 225xe, BMW
330e, BMW 530e, Hyundai IONIQ PHEV, Kia Niro PHEV, Kia Optima PHEV, Mercedes-Benz
C350 e (with 17 inch rear wheels), Mercedes-Benz E350 e SE, MINI Countryman
PHEV, Mitsubishi Outlander (except Commercial), Toyota Prius Plug-in, Vauxhall
Ampera, Volkswagen Golf GTE, Volkswagen Passat GTE, Volvo V60 D5 Twin Engine, Volvo
V60 D6 Twin Engine, Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine Momentum (2017 model year only),
and Audi A3 e-tron.

Category 3 vehicles have CO2
emissions of 50 to 75g/km and can travel at least 32km without any CO2
emissions. The grant considered for these type of vehicles covers 35% of
purchase cost up to a maximum of GBP 2,500. This category of vehicles includes Mercedes-Benz
E350 e AMG Line which is a PHEV.

Category 2 or 3 cars with a retail price over GBP 60,000 are
not counted as eligible for an incentive grant.

Category 4
vehicles includes motorcycles that have no CO2 emissions and can
travel at least 50km between charges.
The grant considered for the motorcycles covers 20% of the purchase price for
these vehicles, up to a maximum of GBP 1,500. This category of vehicles
includes BMW C evolution, Energica Ego, Energica Eva, Scutum Silence S02,
Torrot Muvi, Vmoto 100, Vmoto 120, and Zero Motorcycles (all models).

Category 5
vehicles includes mopeds that have no CO2
emissions and can travel at least 30km between charges. The grant considered
for the motorcycles covers 20% of the purchase price for these vehicles, up to
a maximum of GBP 1,500. This category of vehicles includes Torrot Muvi City,
UGBEST e-City, and Vmoto Super Soco TS1200R. Category 5 vehicles includes vans that have CO2 emissions of less
than 75g/km and can travel at least 16km without any CO2 emissions. The
grant considered for the motorcycles covers 20% of the purchase price for these
vehicles, up to a maximum of GBP 8,000.

The government also provides tax incentives in
form of reduced taxation for company cars. Government also plans to spend more than GBP 600 million in the
period of 2015-20 to support ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) manufacturing
and adoption with the objective of 100% new ZEV sales by 2040. There are also incentives in the forms of free
parking and access to bus lanes 19.

The HRS
Infrastructure Grants Scheme funds projects via two streams 43:

1
Exchange rate for GBP in December 6th, 2017 is 1 G ~ 1.34 USD