In routing once the link splits the packets cannot

In recent time there is change in
the computer performance, technologies in mobile communications. Mobile networks
want ad hoc networks in which mobile nodes will connect over line. In MANETs,
network safety is essential by that the battery extent of the nodes be not
strong. Thus to continue the network span the routing protocol is needed to
increment the intensity of the node. Multiple routing protocols stay paths to
flood the packets i.e., route appeal is managed by the point of supply to achieve
reality in concerning the ways. MANETs will be classified into three
generations: first, second and third generations. In 1970’s the ad hoc network
first generation are called Packet Radio Network (PRNET). In early 1980’s
Survivable Adaptive Radio Network (SURAN)is evolved from PRNET. The function
pack of MANETs formed the routing code regulated and fix the agents like PDA’S,
palmtops, notebooks. Few codes like Bluetooth, IEEE 802.11(WLAN’S) are
developed to maintain the MANETs. For several years from 1970’s to 1990’s there
are changes in the generations of MANET i.e., finally some standards are made
to maintain the MANET. Energy efficiency is to be regarded as a factor in
MANET. Mainly the packets are transmitted based on the:

At any time the channel breaks,
the Route Error is transmitted. When this occurs the source transmit the
package over the path to the destination without any interruption. This can be
done with the multipath routing protocol  which are referred to the one path routing
protocol. In one path routing once the link splits the packets cannot be
transmitted. Whereas in multiple routing additional routes can be referred to
send the data packets. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is the algorithm from
which the fitness function is derivative. Fitness Function is mostly used to
find the optimal path. The optimum path is  the one with:

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·       
Less
distance and

·       
Exhaust
less energy.

              The optimal path minimizes the
energy loss and increases the network period. Thus the proposed FF-AOMDV
performance in maximizing the network lifetime is possible in comparison with
the AOMDV.

 

 

 

Thus the route that is
efficient and likely in transmitting

packets can be
identified. Route appeal is controlled by the

source to discover the
route that is suited. All the ways that

made  can be find .The facts about the nodes energy
aligned

and the connections are
directed to accomplish the Route Reply