Over the past century
technology has advanced monumentally and is now highly prevalent across the
globe, encompassing nearly every part of every day life; as recently as only (x
date), Alan Turing created what was the first computer, ushering in a new age for
technology. Now it is commonplace to find a multitude of computing devices
within a home or being carried on somebody’s person: smart televisions, smart
phones, tablets, laptop computers, desktop computers, games consoles (portable
and stationary), iPods – each device with the ability to connect with the
other, as well as the ability to connect with other’s devices.
With the massive and quick growth of this new media, there
is no doubt that this has altered human life – in many ways that are positive
and negative – and it is the purpose of this paper to look at the way society
responds to these changes, in sensibility, by philosophical and cultural means.
For this I propose that through the extended use of new media that, through
inauthentic behaviour, we as people lose our sense of existence and identity;
this idea will be explored by applying Sartrean philosophical views of
Existentialism, coupled with examples of contemporary art pieces (to illustrate
the presented themes in popular culture). In addition, an analysis of the
contemporary world, made by Bernard Stiegler, will also be used for
considerations in this paper, as well as a brief psychological and sociological
outlook made by Sherry Turkle.
Pt.1 (Sartre’s Being and Nothingness – an
it is possible to break down and analyse the concept of dissociation of one
own’s self through technology use, it is firstly important to define and
clarify, briefly, the way in which existence is experienced, according to
Jean-Paul Sartre. The main concepts, for which, surrounds his philosophy of
being (in Being and Nothingness): the various modalities of being,
consciousness, nothingness and freedom, all of which are interrelated.