mukrih known as cost-plus, whereby the seller must inform

mukrih A man who is forced into divorcing his wife.

mullah A Muslim cleric or learned man.

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mumay-yiz Someone who understands mean meanings and obligations of an act of worship.

mu’min A firm, entrenched believer in Islam, a devout Muslim who has completely submitted to God. It is slightly distinct from simply being a believer, as it implies total submission and the elimination of doubt.

munjiz Literally, to be implemented immediately.

munkar In studies of the Hadith, a narration which lacks veracity or contradicts another Hadith which has been deemed authentic, it is rejected as being munkar, which means denounced.

muqallid Followers of the tradition; people who follow the taqlid, or tradition, in religious matters without necessarily checking the primary sources from which they were arrived. The opposite or taqlid is ijtihad, which is the arrival at conclusions through study and effort. The Arabic word for collar (as in a means of restraining livestock) is qiladah, and this hints at the etymological roots of the word muqallid: someone who is led by the collar.

muqri Someone who recites the Qur’an.

murabahah, morabaha One of the basic models of Islamic finance, murabahah is a mechanism intended to provide profit for the lender while avoiding riba (usury), which is totally forbidden. It is based on a form of selling known as cost-plus, whereby the seller must inform the buyer exactly what his profits are to be and what his costs are. This concept can also be used as a form of financing (that is, a loan). It tends to be used for larger financing deals, for example, for property. By literally buying the object, adding the profit and selling it back to the lender at that price, it is Shariah-compliant as both parties are fully aware of the profit. It is important that this is profit, not interest, and is intended to cover the lender’s costs as well as providing extra income. Although it is not permissible for the lender to profit from late payment charges from the borrower, they can be incurred as a penalty, and to encourage timely repayments, as long as they are given to charity.

murid A person who is committed to the spiritual path of Sufism.