Sleep for different age group. According to National Sleep

Sleep
Deprivation is a condition where an individual does
not meet the required hours of sleep most of the time. It is a common problem among teenagers and adults. Although lack of
sleep does not lead to a serious health problem right away, doing it
repetitively can lead to physical and health problems gradually. Sleeping is
one of the major needs that our body makes to regenerate good health for both
mental and physical aspect. Sleep
Deprivation is a common health problem in the United
States or all over the world. There is an appropriate sleep duration for different
age group. According to National Sleep Foundation, School-Age Children should
be having 9-11 hours of sleep, Teenagers 8-10 hours, and Adults for 7-9 hours.
People who sleep less than their recommended sleep duration are considered
sleep deprived. In addition, there is a survey conducted by The Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention in the year
2005-2009 that according to it there an estimated of 50-70 million Americans
that are Sleep Deprived. Having sleep deprivation in a long run can result in
increased cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack, hypertension, and
hormonal imbalances.            The effects of
sleep deprivation can increase a lot of health risk in the cardiovascular
system. Heart rate and blood pressure change during sleep. With lack of sleep,
this can put a lot of damage in the heart that makes
a heart works haste that can cause tachycardia and blood pressure. Researcher
Daniela Grimaldi, M.D., Ph.D. noted, “Almost all physiological and behavioral
processes, in particular, the sleep-wake
cycle, follow a circadian rhythm that is regulated by an internal clock located
in the brain.” This means that if we do not follow our internal body clock
sleep, it can cause dysfunction and serious problem in our cardiovascular
system and other parts of the body as well. Lack of sleep can put a lot of
stress in the body which can raise the blood pressure and can cause a contraction in the blood vessels. The elevation
of blood pressure and contraction of the blood vessel can decrease the function
of the vagus nerve that has a curative effect on the performance of the heart
during resting or sleep state.            Only a night of lack of sleep can result in boosted blood
pressure. In one large study conducted by Institute of Medicine Committee on Sleep Medicine and Research—that lack of
sleep and disordered sleep are also associated with heart attacks and possible
stroke. Getting 5 or fewer hours of sleep per night was associated with a 45
percent increase of heart attack (the researcher controlled for age, weight,
smoking, and snoring)— (Colten HR and Altevog BM 2006)During
sleep, the primary hormone that works is the melatonin. It is a hormone that is
released by the pineal gland that alerts an individual that the body needs to
sleep at night this hormone can also be suppressed by light. When an individual
is sleeping the bodies blood pressure drops. This reduces the workload of the
heart, but when an individual has an inadequate sleep there are several
hormones that can interrupt the sleep cycle. The hormones that work or can interrupt the sleep are Adrenaline,
Cortisol, and Thyroid hormones. Adrenaline is a powerful hormone that can precisely
affect the blood pressure. When the
adrenaline level remained high during the night this causes a big spike in the
blood pressure which can cause hypertension. Cortisol is known as “stress hormone” are most in the
morning. Upon waking up, the cortisol level hikes up to prepare the body to
deal with the stress that it is about to face. The cortisol hormone levels are
very high in the morning and gradually deteriorate throughout the day to adjust
the body for the resting state or sleep. But when the body is sleep deprived,
the cortisol level is disrupted that it increases in the night instead of the
morning and this makes the cycle messed up. This signals the body to do
unnecessary stress response that causes a negative
effect in the body. Moreover,
Sleep Deprivation can affect the Thyroid hormone as well inadequate sleep can
increase the production of the thyroid of a person that are not getting enough rest. A person
with increased thyroid hormone causes raised blood pressure which can lead to
hypertension or make the heart do
unnecessary workload which can lead to a heart
attack as well.There
are many ways to help the body to overcome sleep deprivation, such as going to
bed at night and waking up every morning same time. This helps the body to
build a sleep-wake pattern. When going to rest, avoid intense activity and essentially
lessen the use of mobile devices an hour before going to sleep because the bright
light that comes from the devices may
signal the brain that the body needs to wake up. Avoid drinking caffeine before
going to bed because the caffeine is a catalyst that can disrupt the sleep. We
know that banana has an excellent source of magnesium and potassium which can help
the muscle to relax. Furthermore, banana also contains a tryptophan that
converts to serotonin and melatonin that has a huge benefaction to sleep. Lastly,
after a long day of nerve-wracking work that the body and mind went through
having a nice warm bath or shower before going to bed is a nice reward for the body
because it can help the body to be calm and feel relaxed.

            In conclusion, Sleep Deprivation is bad to our body it
can cause a lot of interference in our daily work such as having bad mood swings, the brain is not functioning
properly, fatigue, irritability, and so much more. This is only short outcomes in an occasional sleep deprivation, but in a
long run on having a habitual lack of sleep
it can affect our cardiovascular system which causes to hypertension, heart
attack, and hormonal imbalances that if left untreated may lead to death. Make
sure to have enough sleep daily for a productive
day and helps regenerate our body to protect our health and well-being.

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