Spencer Daisy, and Jordan creates not only an impression

Spencer Pham

1/20/2018

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Eng. 4 IB—Garner                                                     The Great Gatsby Study Guide, Ch. 1-3

 

Annotate as you read the novel. Then, stop at the end
of each chapter and answer the assigned questions.

 

CHAPTER 1

1.      Explain
what Fitzgerald achieved by using Nick’s point of view to tell Gatsby’s story?

a.       By
using Nick’s point of view to tell Gatsby’s story the reader is presented with
an outside perspective from Gatsby while also presenting a different view point
that claims to be nonjudgmental thus increasing the reliability of the
narrator.

2.      What
do we learn about Nick Carraway in the introductory section of the novel?

a.       In
the introductory section of the novel you learn that Nick Carraway is an
individual who has been prone to being told the secrecies of men as they endow a
certain trust in him and he’s nonjudgmental.

3.      In
discussing East Egg and West Egg, Nick states: “To the wingless a more
arresting phenomenon is their dissimilarity in every particular except shape
and size.” Indicate what the “dissimilarities” might be.

a.       The
dissimilarities are the differences in their social status, the west egg
consists of new money, self-made people, elaborate and lavish houses while the
east egg consists of people who were born into the money and are have higher
social statuses.

4.      Compare
the homes of Nick, Gatsby, and the Buchanans. How does each home reflect the
personality of its owner?

a.       Gatsby’s
house is gaudy, extravagant, and flashy but considerably empty on the inside
similar to Gatsby’s character.

b.      Nick’s
house is modest which clearly presents his personality.

c.       Buchanan’s
house is very large and architecturally old similar to how Buchanan has grown
into his family wealth and his perspective on race is old fashioned.

5.      Fitzgerald’s
description of Tom, Daisy, and Jordan creates not only an impression of
physical appearance, but also contains added information. What do you learn
about their history and interests, and from their gestures and mannerisms?

a.       Tom
is controlling, aggressive, and is not the most exciting person to spend time
with.

b.      Daisy
attempts to be ignorant and dwells on her material possessions.

c.       Jordan
is easygoing and light hearted.

6.      When
Nick leaves the Buchanan’s house, he is “confused and a little disgusted.” Why?
What does this suggest about his values?

a.       Nick
is disgusted from the insincerity of Daisy and Tom’s marriage and it suggests
that he is a man who highly values honor and trust.

7.      Though
we do not meet Gatsby until Chapter 3, we hear references to him in the
conversations of others. Note each reference. What impressions do you get?

a.       The
impression that Gatsby is a magnificent, yet mysterious type of man.

CHAPTER 2

1.      In
what way is the description in the opening paragraphs of Chapter 2 appropriate
to the total atmosphere of this chapter? What is symbolic about the “valley of
ashes” and “the eyes of Dr. T. J. Eckleburg”?

a.       It
is appropriate as it aligns with the gloomy, grey mood of the chapter.

b.      The
Valley of Ashes represents the products of intense industrialization

c.       The
eyes of Dr. T. J. Eckleburg represent the eyes of God.

2.      Evaluate
Myrtle’s talk of her unhappy marriage. What does she seem to be trying to
justify?

a.       Myrtle’s
talk presents an attraction to materialism and sensual relationships in order
to justify her affair with Tom.

3.      How
does Myrtle’s speech reveal her character?

a.       It
reveals that Myrtle wants to act as though she is the victim.

4.      What
does the scene in this New York apartment reveal about Tom? About Myrtle?

a.       That
Tom wants to have control over the affair and that Myrtle is stubborn.

5.      Does
Nick enjoy the afternoon at the apartment in New York? Why or why not?

a.       Nick
does not seem to enjoy the afternoon due to the incident between Tom and Myrtle
and the clash of the others’ values and his own.

CHAPTER 3

1.      Chapter
3 describes Gatsby’s “little party.” Enumerate details about the part itself,
about the guests and about their conversation and behavior.

a.       His
parties are really large and people come from all over. The parties are special
gathering where he seems to go all out and spends lot of money. His guests are
picked up in fancy cars and the food is expensive. The guests all talk about
Gatsby and what they think he’s done in the past.

2.      Describe
the meeting between Nick and Gatsby. Comment on Fitzgerald’s skill in preparing
for Gatsby’s entrance into the story.

a.       It
is a considerably awkward encounter as they fail to recognize each other.

3.      What
is the reason for Nick’s breaking the story at this point? Read the section
beginning with “Reading over what I have written so far . . . .”

a.       He
wants to show the readers that he has a mostly normal life and what he is
writing about isn’t normal for him. He is a regular person who has to go work.
He doesn’t spend all his time at parties.

4.      At
the end of Chapter 3, Nick meets Jordan again. The author includes several
episodes that emphasize her carelessness and basic dishonesty. Discuss these
instances. What do they reveal about Jordan? About Nick?

a.       Jordan
cheated in a golf tournament. She also probably paid off the witnesses to take
back their story about seeing her cheat. She ruined someone’s car and then lied
about it/she does not care. While she was driving after drinking, she was
driving recklessly on purpose. Jordan is irresponsible; she does not care about
what people think.

b.      The
way Nick feels about the way Jordan acts is that her dishonesty is ok; he
expects women to be dishonest,

5.      Notice
the last paragraph in Chapter 3. Is Nick being overly proud here? Explain.

a.       No
I do not think he is being proud. He is being realistic about himself, there
are virtues and everyone has one.

CHAPTER 4

8.      The
introductory section of Chapter 4 gives a long roster of those who attended Gatsby’s
parties. How do they behave toward their host? Why, then, do they accept his
hospitality?

a.       They
don’t really know the host yet they accept his hospitality because his parties
are known to be significantly extravagant. They also gossip about Gatsby.

9.      Describe
Gatsby’s car. Discuss the details that Gatsby shares with Nick about his past.

a.       It’s
cream colored, bright with nickel, swollen here and there, long lots of windshields
that sparkled in the sun.

10.  Does
Nick believe Gatsby’s story? Why or why not?

a.       Nick
doesn’t believe it at first however Gatsby shows him proof. Also Nick knows
Gatsby’s true upcoming.

11.  Who
is Meyer Wolfsheim? What seems to be his connection with Gatsby?

a.       He
is a gambler. Gatsby’s business connection, and jewish.

12.  Jordan
Baker tells Nick about Daisy, Gatsby, and Tom. Summarize the story.

a.       Daisy
Loved Gatsby, but after he left for the war she couldn’t go with him. She then
married tom a year later and freaked out right before the wedding because she
got a letter from Gatsby. Now Gatsby has returned and bought the house right
across the bay.

13.  Explain
the epigraph on the title page of the novel. What does it reveal about Gatsby
and his love for Daisy?

a.       The
poem on the title page states that in order for a man to get a woman to love
him, he should do whatever it takes to impress her, whether it is through
wealth or action, until she reciprocates his love. The epigraph is
representative of Gatsby’s attempt at trying to attract Daisy’s attention
through his extravagant shows of wealth. He holds glamorous parties at his
mansion in hopes of seeing Daisy and rekindling their love.

14.  What
new meaning do you see in the last two paragraphs of Chapter 1? What does Nick
mean when he says, “Then it had not been merely the stars to which he had
aspired on that June night”?

a.       Nick
means that Gatsby is waiting for daisy and trying to get her. The green light represents
the hope that he will get Daisy.

15.  When
Gatsby spoke to Jordan in his library in Chapter 3, he had devised a plan
involving Nick. What was it? Why did he not ask Nick directly?

a.       For
Nick to invite Daisy over for tea and then Gatsby will surprise her

b.      He
did not ask Nick directly because he was nervous.

 

CHAPTER 5

6.      Gatsby’s
actions in preparing for Daisy’s arrival seem both flamboyant and absurd. What
does he do? why?

a.       Gatsby
decides to bring really nice China, cuts Nicks lawn (redoes it) , and brings a
ton of flowers that make Nick’s cottage like a greenhouse.

7.      Discuss
Gatsby’s actions once Daisy arrives. How do we know he is nervous? How does he
try to impress her?

a.       Gatsby
is acting really funny and nervous because he loves Daisy and hasn’t seen her
in a while. He knocks over the clock, and runs out of the house.

8.      Toward
the end of the chapter, Nick attempts to explain “the expression of
bewilderment that had come back into Gatsby’s face.” What explanation does Nick
give? Why, in his opinion, is Daisy not at fault?

a.       Daisy
is not at fault because she didn’t make a fool of herself like Gatsby did.

9.      Describe
Daisy’s reactions during the course of her meeting with Gatsby.

a.       Daisy
was really shocked and surprised. She was excited, but it was kind of
bittersweet. She’s upset because she could’ve had all the things Gatsby does.

10.  Has
Nick been affected by the meeting between Gatsby and Daisy? In what way?

a.       He
feels that he’s done something wrong because he’s allowing for an affair to
take place.

 

CHAPTER 6

6.      What
was Gatsby’s real name? Why and when had he changed it?

a.       Gatsby’s
real first name was “Jimmy Gatz”, but later changed it to “Jay
Gatsby”. He changed it because he wanted a new identity to reflect his new
lifestyle. He thought the name “Jimmy Gatz was lower-class.

7.      In
what way was Dan Cody involved in Gatsby’s destiny?

a.       Gatsby
and Dan Cody met when Gatsby was 17 years old. When Gatsby saw Dan’s yacht drop
anchor at a dangerous point in Lake Superior, Gatsby saw an opportunity to
leave his old life behind.

8.      Why
does Tom attend Gatsby’s party? How does this scene reveal he contrast between
Gatsby and Tom?

a.       Tom’s
attendance at Gatsby’s party is to try and ruin Gatsby. Since Tom is from East
Egg, he talks down on Gatsby’s party and has no connection with Gatsby.

9.      What
is deeply ironic in Tom’s statement, “. . . I may be old-fashioned I my ideas,
but women run around too much these days to suit me”?

a.       Despite
the fact that (as far as Tom knows) Daisy’s “running around” has only
amounted to knowing Gatsby, Tom himself is the champion of “running
around,” having had affairs with various women, including Mrs. Wilson
earlier in the book.

10.  What
suspicions does Tom have about Gatsby? What does he vow to do?

a.       Tom’s
suspicions of Gatsby is thinking he’s some criminal or big bootlegger that
throws lavish parties with “new money”. He vows to track down
information on him.

11.  What
do Nick and Gatsby talk about after the party? What is Gatsby expecting of
Daisy that prompts Nick to warn him, “I wouldn’t ask too much of her .  .  .
You can’t repeat the past”?

a.       After
the party, Gatsby talks to Nick about Daisy. He tells Nick that he wants Daisy
to leave Tom and marry him and go back to Louisville with him

b.      Gatsby
wants Daisy to leave her life with Tom for him and repeat the past but with
Gatsby.

CHAPTER 7

16.  Gatsby
has made some changes I his lifestyle that so concerned Nick that he went to
check o hi What changes do you note? Why did he make them?

a.       The
original staff was fired and he rehired new people except for the Gardener
because he wanted to be discreet about Daisy visiting him. Gatsby wanted to
keep his affairs private from the outside world and keep Daisy’s “good
name” intact.

17.  Analyze
Daisy’s attitude toward her child as evidenced in this chapter and in Chapter
1. Is she a good mother? Why did he make them?

a.       Implied
that she stayed in her marriage for the better of her child, but acted like her
child was an accessory to her. The child was showed to represent an established
family. Daisy has a child but not for “superficial purposes.” Gatsby
is in shock of the child’s existence and that she moved on with her life.

18.  What
does Gatsby mean when he says that Daisy’s voice is “full of money”? Why does
Fitzgerald put those words I Gatsby’s mouth and not Nick’s?

a.       Money
is the only thing Daisy knows of. To have her, you must have money. Two things
he desires are money and Daisy.

19.  Explain
Nick’s statement paralleling Tom and Wilson, ” . . . it occurred to me that
there was no difference between men, in intelligence or race, so profound as
the difference between the sick and the well.” Refer to the text and explain
what prompted Nick to say this.

a.       Nick
lives in the valley of ashes which is why he was prompted to saying this.

20.  In
what way is each of the major characters involved in the tragedy that occurs at
the end of this chapter?

a.       Gatsby
was in the car that kills Myrtle

b.      Daisy
is driving the car that hit Myrtle

c.       Tom
tells the police what type of car hit Myrtle

21.  Why
is it necessary for the author to introduce a new character, Michaelis, at this
point in the novel?

a.       Michaelis
is a young German that owns the coffee shop that say the death.

22.  At
the end of Chapter 7 Nick observes Gatsby, Tom and Daisy after the
accident.  What conclusions does he
reach?

a.       He
sees that Gatsby will always have hope for Daisy. He sees that Tom and Daisy
are planning on not telling anyone that Daisy killed Myrtle.

23.  Explain
the last paragraph of Chapter 7.

a.       Gatsby
waits for Daisy to come back to him and leave Tom but it will never happen.
Daisy and Tom are planning on blaming the death on Gatsby and Gatsby can’t do
anything about it.

 

 

 

CHAPTER 8

11.  At
the beginning of the chapter, the story is interrupted at its most dramatic
point. What is the author’s purpose in breaking the story here?

a.       They
referred back to the story of Dan Cody and how daisy was the first nice girl
that Gatsby had ever known. It fills the open gaps on their relationship

12.  What
had prompted Gatsby to talk freely to Nick now, when he was unwilling to do so
in the past?

a.       Tom
has broken him down with his mean accusations. The idea of who he was trying to
become had been shattered and now we see who he really is on the inside. Gatsby
is no longer to hide anymore because he realizes Daisy is slipping away from
him.

13.  What
further information do we learn about Gatsby?

a.       Gatsby
loved Daisy for “superficial reasons” learned that Daisy dealt with
Gatsby leaving for war and her moving on. Gatsby tried to get her back but went
to Oxford instead. After Gatsby learns about the marriage of Daisy, he returns
to Louisville to try and find her. Gatsby took what he could get and he didn’t
plan on falling in love but managed to commit a holy grail.

14.  As
Nick leaves Gatsby the morning after the accident, he remarks, “They’re a
rotten crowd.” Enumerate the people “they” refers to. Why are they “rotten”?

a.       Tom,
Daisy, and Jordan

b.      They
are rotten because they are so full of themselves due to the fact that they are
the elite class, and have no concerns for others but themselves and their
social group that they belong and their needs of staying the highest in
society.

15.  What
is the compliment that Nick pays to Gatsby? Why does Nick feel compelled to
commend Gatsby?

a.       “You’re
worth a whole damn bunch” Gatsby gives him a radiant and understanding
smile. (154)

b.      Nick
feels the urge to tell him this because Gatsby held on to his dream of getting
Daisy back and watching his dream disappear right in front of him, therefore
she was his external hope for everything and he could do better than her and
find someone better.

16.  Explain
Nick’s meaning when he balances Gatsby’s supposed “corruption” against his
“incorruptible dream”

a.       Gatsby
received money through illegal means but his dream of Daisy was incorruptible
and couldn’t be damaged

17.  How
does Wilson view the “eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg”? Does Wilson’s statement
have a symbolic level for the novel as a whole? Explain.

a.       Wilson
is confused and deranged and views the “eyes of Eckleberg” as the eyes
of God that sees everything

18.  Trace
the movements of Gatsby ad Wilson at the end of Chapter 8. What is Nick’s
meaning when he says, ” . . . the holocaust was complete”?

a.       The
elite caused a massacre of all of those in the novel and if you didn’t have
money and if you weren’t well known in society, you died.

CHAPTER 9

 

12.  What
makes Nick assume responsibility for the funeral arrangements? Specify the
things he did.

a.       Nick
assumed responsibility because no one else came forward to. Nick tries to get
the people he knows Gatsby interacted with to come to the funeral but no one
does.

13.  What
version of the tragedy appeared in the newspapers? How would you account for
the fact that this version went unchallenged and uncorrected?

a.       The
version of the tragedy that is put in the newspaper is that Wilson was a
“madman.” No one counters this version because no one knew Gatsby or Wilson to
stand up for them. It would also be near impossible to challenge the “Elite”
class in their “secret society.”

14.  How
had Gatsby’s father learned of the tragedy? To what extent does the father know
his son?

a.       Mr.
Gatz learns of his son tragedy through the newspaper. Mr. Gatz only knows
Gatsby through what he has read and through the pictures Gatsby has sent him.
He does not know him on a personal level.

15.  Discuss
the significance of Gatsby’s boyhood program for self-improvement.

a.       He
always wanted to be something better then who he was.

16.  What
is the irony of Gatsby’s funeral?

a.       No
one showed up. They will show up to Gatsby’s parties but not to his funeral

17.  What
is the significance of including the scene with Jordan Baker?

a.       They
agree that whatever was between them is over. It shows that Nick can clean up
after himself.

18.  What
moral judgment does Nick make about Tom and Daisy? Explain

a.       They
are all selfish, careless, messy people who retreated into the world.

19.  Explain
the significance of the last page of the novel in relation to Gatsby’s dream
and to the American Dream.

a.       The
relationship between the two is that each of us dream in the past and most
dream of wealth but somewhere along the line our dreams are morphed and there
is no longer self-discovery in it but a corruption of our original dream