The five most well-known Hofstede’s cultural dimensions
Power Distance (PDI): This is the degree to which weak people of a
community agree to the reality that power is not shared equally. Individuals in
civilization with vast power distance have their proper site in society. The stature
of a person is significant to showcase the power and respectful place for
elderly citizens. On the other hand, the senior members of the culture make
efforts to look younger and the dominant population is modest in the poor power
distant country (De Mooij, M., & Hofstede, G. (2002)).
Individualism/Collectivism (IDV): Individualism
refers to the nature of a population where one cares about himself/herself and
their family only, whereas collectivism indicates to the culture of people who
look after each other. In individualism, a person is recognized by his/her
character and the conversations are more rhetorical and clear, where, in
collectivism, the chats are more contained (De
Mooij, M., & Hofstede, G. (2002)).
Masculinity/Femininity (MAS): The culture of masculinity
mainly focuses on the accomplishment and triumph of the population. Prestige is
also vital for a masculine culture to show their victory. On the contrary, the
commanding factors in feminine culture is having responsibility towards other
people and the kind of life one is leading. People are more directed towards
each other and do not care about their status. Furthermore, feminine cultures
have minute role differentiation between male and female compared to that of
masculine culture (De Mooij, M., & Hofstede,
Uncertainty avoidance (UA): This is an attempt made
by people to dodge the fear caused by skepticism and unpredictability which
they sense to a certain amount. Culture with high uncertainty avoidance
requires law and the people rely on experts, whereas, cultures with low
uncertainty avoidance have people believing strongly in generalist and individuals
are more creative and ambitious (De Mooij, M.,
& Hofstede, G. (2002)).
Long-term orientation/Short-term orientation (LTO): It
is the degree to which a population models a realistic, future-directed aspect
instead of a typical consequential or short- term mindset (De Mooij, M., & Hofstede, G. (2002)).
The vital goal for the short- term
orientation is exemption, authority, success. But, in long-term orientation,
the important principals are training, integrity, robustness, liability and prudence (Hofstede, G., & Minkov, M.