Was the Civil war avoidable or inevitable? The civil war is known as the highest death toll risen war that America has ever experienced. There were many reasons that led up to the civil war, originating from conflicts of the North and the South. Having different ideologies about slavery being used in their regions, the south was known to be socially, economically, and culturally different from the North which started to build tension from both sides. The South believed in slavery being the key to a better economic incline while the North didn’t believe it was necessary to have slaves to make a economic incline. In regards to the civil war being inevitable or avoidable, I believe It was Inevitable, because the different beliefs of the south and the north.Senator Henry clay made a plan with four core supplies which later was known as the Compromise of 1850, this compromise is what put the South against the North (Foner 484). When the United States won over Mexico, it added more than 1 million square miles(Foner 480). California will later be brought into the union as a free state(Foner 484). This created quite an issue to the government as to how to keep Slaves and Free states in equilibrium. “The Fugitive Slave Laws, that has been pestering the government for a while was brought into play(Foner285).” “For a while the compromise of 1850 seemed to restored sectional peace and party unity”(Foner285). Later in the presidential election of 1852, Franklin Pierce who was a Democrat won, later his Administration turned out to be one of the most disastrous in American history (Foner 486). Douglas wanted to satisfy the Southerners so he used the simple properties of ‘Popular Sovereignty’. Henry clay wanted to have strict laws to abolish slave trade.In 1856, the Republican party was filled with antislavery democrats. They convinced the Northerners that slave labor is putting a threat to their liberties and aspirations than “popery” and immigration (Foner 490). The party looked upon the ideology of free labor, later because of the Republican Party the contrast between “free society” and “slave society” spread around the world, that made the North identify as the “home of progress, opportunity, and freedom(Foner 491)”. The Southerners believe the opposite of the North, they believed that slavery was the foundation of liberty. The Republicans heard and responded by ending the federal governments support of slavery. The Republicans were not abolitionists, they just wanted to prevent slavery from spreading. Many party leaders saw the differences between the two regions as a “irrepressible conflict”, in 1858 Senator William H Seward said that “eventually one day this would have to be resolved, these two systems of society, were incompatible within a single nation(Foner 491)”. Seward said, by bringing the whole nation together and closer, it made the situation worse between freedom and slavery. He said the United States, “Must and will, sooner or later, become either entirely a slaveholding nation, or entirely a free labor nation(Foner 491)”.Another act that led to the Civil war was Dred Scott’s Decision. He sued to gain his freedom, by saying that by staying on free soil had made him free (Forner 492). Soon the Supreme Court had heard the case and said that since Dred Scott was a black slave and was basically property, he was not considered a citizen and therefore he was not allowed to sue anyone(Foner 493). The Court took the case further, and said that since a slave was property they could be brought into any property and still be held there under the laws of slavery. The ruling was based on the Fifth Amendment which prevented Congress the right to strip people of their property without due process of law. Southerners were celebrating the win in the case, but the abolitionists were scared with the idea that slavery could spread anywhere in the country legally. This fear continued to grow in the North and caused conflicts between the North and South(Foner 493). Of all of the reasons leading up to the war one of the main reasons, is the Kansas-Nebraska Act. When the Union offered the territory of Nebraska to enter, more disagreement between the supporters of the North and South had occurred. Stephen Douglas said that if they separate the territories into two states, Nebraska and Kansas, and allowed popular sovereignty to do its thing, then everything would turn out to be good. The problem with this idea was that the stated territory entering the Union was above the line of the Missouri Compromise. It would basically undo all the previous laws. While most of the North was not supporting to this, the South was supporting it adding to the reasons behind the Civil War. John Brown going to a federal arsenal armed and attacking it was another reason for the two sides to hate one another even more. John Brown was a abolitionist from New England(Foner 497). He was well known for his participation in anti slavery activities. His arrest on Harper’s Ferry took place in October of 1859(Foner 500). Brown’s goal was to embrace the federal arsenal in order to bring slaves up and try to end slavery. When they were fighting, Brown and some of his companions killed a few innocent people. The slaves did not know about the attack by Brown and were not able to start the uprising. Later, John Brown and his followers were arrested. Brown was put to a death sentence and killed from being convicted of murder and treason(Foner 500). Henry David Thoreau called him a “crucified hero(Foner 500).” The South became even more angry with the threat of slave uprisings. But, in the North John Brown became a scapegoat to the cause of removing slavery and Northerners believed it was the right thing to do something about it(Foner 500).Both slavery originated systems and free labor systems of North and South both reflected and strengthened the economic difference between them two. Eli Whitney came up with many inventions that helped both sides. In 1790’s Eli Whitney created the cotton gin (foner 327). The South depended on big production of export crops, mainly cotton and tobacco, grown and taken cared by slaves. In the south, slaves were there main source of wealth, making slaves the second most valuable form of property in the south, after real estate. Whitney’s cotton gin accelerated production of cotton substantially and helped the economy by making the cloth cheaper and more easy to get. As a result, it also made the people in charge of the slaves greed money more, and they took it out on the slaves by making them to work harder and faster. Later, there has been an increase of slave trade. The states of the Middle Atlantic and New England regions formed a commercial market economy in the beginning of the nineteenth century, and the nation’s first factories were born. His other widely known inventions of changeable parts brought life into the manufacturing industry, it also made appliances with lots of parts more simple to produce and repair. The region that benefits more from this invention is the north because it was the industrial center of the country. Therefore, this gave the North an advantage in the war because they were able to make weapons at an accelerated rate. Basically, the idea of more slavery in the South made the people from the North angry and made the South see slavery as more of a useless tool in the agricultural industry(foner 327). literature written Harriet Beecher Stowe also made things worse. This book made slavery look like it was an act of evil and made the Northerners to believe that their accusations had been correct: Slavery was very cruel no matter how you look at it(Foner 450). The South was angry because the north sees the use of slaves for wealth cruel and evil. They stated that she wrote false claims and false things that happened to the slaves. The novel had been selling well around the world, mostly in Britain and France and this book also led them to believe the cruel acts shown in great details in Stowe’s book(Foner 450). This made the North and South hate each other more. After the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, conflicts of the north and south worsened. As the abolishment of slavery in the north became common, southerners viewed this abolishment as a threat to various societal aspects. Despite peaceful resolutions proposed by the government, violence was seen as the only way to abolish slavery completely. Political and regional tensions came to an all time high, causing the north and south to resort to violent solutions. While there were other matter of conflict between the two regions, slavery can be seen as the most influential to the development of the civil war.